Inclusive and integrated energy planning
Access to, affordable, reliable, safe and sustainable energy is increasingly recognised as crucial for many development areas, including food and water security, health, and education, and for addressing gender inequality and supporting climate change action. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 aims to deliver universal access to energy by 2030
To deliver the full development benefits of energy access as an enabler of household and community health, education, livelihoods, and gender equality, more inclusive and integrated approaches are needed so that energy services are designed to meet the development needs of poor and vulnerable groups and are better targeted and integrated with wider development planning.
CAFOD and IIED have developed such an inclusive planning approach - the Energy Delivery Models (EDM) approach. EDM is a problem-solving, participatory approach that identifies the priority needs of different target groups, builds understanding of their local socio-cultural context, and the barriers and enabling factors for energy service delivery. EDM identifies the ‘gaps’ preventing the development needs being met (related to energy but also other, non-energy factors), and develops solutions that are financially, environmentally, and socially sustainable. Its participatory approach builds wider stakeholder understanding, and creates buy-in among stakeholders and partners and strengthens participants’ own planning skills.
Piloting and experience in several countries working with communities, social enterprises and NGOs resulted in the EDM Toolkit (2017), which consolidates the approach into a six-step planning process which uses existing and innovative tools (the Delivery Model Map and the Delivery Model Canvas). From 2018 onwards, in working with local partners, the EDM has been used in Kenya to develop a County Energy Plan (CEP) for Kitui County. The approach is being used at greater scale – Kitui County has over one million inhabitants - while retaining its essential features: inclusive engagement with local stakeholders, building contextual understanding and working across sectors