Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth explained
25 April 2019
Storm Kenneth makes landfall in Mozambique
Cyclone Kenneth made landfall in Mozambique (25 March) bringing strong winds of up to 140mph and flooding, which is expected to carry on into the weekend.
The area worst affected is the Northern coast of Mozambique – which is now dealing with extreme rainfall, threatening the lives, homes and the work of mainly agricultural communities, during the vital harvest season.
So far, 30,000 people have been evacuated and there are reports of three people killed on the island of Comoros. The true extent of the damage is still not known.
John Birchenough, CAFOD’s Head of Africa Humanitarian Programmes, said:
“Over the past few days, we have been closely monitoring the path of Cyclone Kenneth.
“It has now made landfall in Mozambique and although this is a developing situation, we have already seen widespread flooding, which can lead to deadly mudslides.
“The people of Mozambique have already been devastated by Cyclone Idai and this continued extreme weather could further destroy the lives and land of already fragile communities.”
Recovery still underway following Cyclone Idai
Thanks to your continued generosity, our Church network has already sprung into action and we are reaching thousands of vulnerable people with life-saving food, clean water, and hygiene kits. Caritas aid workers are working around the clock to get aid to where it's needed, a life-line to families made homeless by the flood waters of cyclone Idai.
Boats have been loaded up with vital food aid, destined for the remote area of Buzi, where at least 50 families are sheltering in the local parish church. We are also providing 30,000 people with basic hygiene, sanitation and shelter supplies, and services in the dioceses of Beira, Chimoio, and Quelimane.
Our aid team on the ground in eastern Zimbabwe, have told us that access beyond Chimanimani, one of the worst-hit areas is very poor because major bridges have been washed away, but the government is working to try and build a new road.
In a 4x4 vehicle our aid Caritas workers have been able to distribute aqua-tabs - a water purification tablet - to support families who have lost their clean water supply. In Chimanimani and Chipinge an estimated 16,000 people are now homeless and in need of shelter.
Catholic Church becomes a temporary home for families
In nearby Ngangu, St. John's Catholic Church has taken in families. Godwin Mundiripo, a Catholic Catechist at the church told our aid workers:
"We have so far buried 40 people who passed on in the church. So far, the church is housing 65 adults and 35 children. We have well-wishers who have been providing assistance but it is not enough to feed all the people."
A message from the Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops
The Catholic Bishops Conference of Zimbabwe issued a statement last Friday (22 March) saying:
“We think of all the people who have been left homeless and as well as losing loved ones have lost all their possessions, including their crops and livestock.
“As Jesus tells us during this season of Lent: “Be compassionate as your Father is compassionate,” let us try to open our hearts to those anguished people.
“In whatever way you can, try to assist them through your prayers, your love and through whatever material resources you can share with them in their time of much suffering."
What has happened?
CAFOD has joined forces with Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) to reach hundreds of thousands of people affected by Cyclone Idai, across Southern Africa.
Just over a week ago, Cyclone Idai swept across Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi leaving in its wake a trail of destruction, killing an estimated 750 people. Mozambique is described as the worst affected country. Beira city, in the Sofala Province, was battered by the cyclone, bringing torrential rains and winds of up to 140 km/h.
Almost 90 percent of the city is now submerged in flood water, and a tidal surge has cut off several villages in the district.
Across the three countries, tens of thousands are now homeless, and all three countries have appealed for international humanitarian support.
CAFOD’s Director, Christine Allen, said:
“The more we see and hear of the destruction caused by Cyclone Idai, the more shocking is the devastating impact on the lives of children, women and men. Reports from the ground tell us of entire villages submerged and whole families missing.
“But there are still lives to be saved and communities who need our help. We cannot waste any time reaching those in urgent need.
“We’ve already seen how the Catholic community has responded, here in England and Wales and through our global church network. CAFOD has made an initial £100,000 pledge for Mozambique and £50,000 for Zimbabwe, but much more will be needed as the disaster unfolds.
“This money will help families who have lost everything to survive the coming days. Knowing they are not alone will give them hope.”
What countries have been affected by Cyclone Idai?
Mozambique is described as the worst affected country. The cyclone also hit Zimbabwe and Malawi, destroying homes, roads, bridges, and vital crops, in its wake. Hundreds of people have died, and an estimated 3 million people are now affected and will need support to survive the coming days and weeks ahead.
How is CAFOD responding?
Our local partners are working around the clock to reach areas and communities affected by the Cyclone. Their local knowledge is vital in ensuring that the most vulnerable families are reached with the basic aid they need to survive.
We have pledged an initial £100,000 for Mozambique and £50,000 for Zimbabwe, but much more will be needed as the disaster unfolds.
How have families been affected by Cyclone Idai?
"I had to grab my three-week old grandson as I thought he would drown. We ran to the school for shelter and had to stay there for four days. We have lost everything – our clothes, the babies’ clothes, utensils, documents."
Anita Lopez Paulo in Tica, Mozambique
The communities affected by Cyclone Idai rely on agriculture and natural resources for their living. The impact of this cyclone has jeopardised water and food sources.
Working with our local Caritas emergency response experts, rapid assessments are already underway in some of the worst affected areas in Mozambique – Beira, Dondo, and Caia, where the priority is to reach 1,400 vulnerable people, with food – rice, beans, sugar and cooking oil, as well as hygiene kits.
In eastern Zimbabwe, our local emergency experts estimate that at least 16,000 people are in need of shelter. But many districts remain inaccessible, so this number is expected to rise.
One of the families to receive support from Caritas was Juan Carlos, 45, his wife Anita Lopez Paulo, 34. The couple have six children and five grandchildren living with them. All their grandchildren are under three, with the youngest only four weeks old.
“On the day of the cyclone, the winds started blowing in the afternoon, but we soon saw that there was a real threat,” said Anita. “We were hiding in our house when the roof ripped off. We ran to a mud outbuilding to take shelter. We stood upright all night with our hands over our heads.”
“The following day the flooding came at us from both sides. I had to grab my three week old grandson as I thought he would drown. We ran to the school for shelter and had to stay there for four days. We have lost everything – our clothes, the babies’ clothes, utensils, documents.”
The family have now received tokens that will help them to access tarpaulins and emergency food aid.
Anita's nephew, Fernando Jose, 26, said: “Having a token is a better way. It is well organised and will give us a lifeline which is good. We know we will get help with the token.”
What is the Church in the affected countries saying?
Bishops from Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe and across Africa are calling for prayers and humanitarian aid following the deadly floods caused by Cyclone Idai.
In a statement, Bishop Charles Kasonde of Solwezi, Chairman of the Association of Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa, called for people to “respond to the cry for humanitarian assistance in whichever way possible”.
He explained that the need for humanitarian aid is urgent, as everyone affected is in need of food, clean water, and shelter, with some temporary shelters already at capacity.
“I pray for encouragement to all those involved in rescue operations and humanitarian assistance that they may not tire of supporting their brothers and sisters who need them most during this difficult time,” said Kasonde.
“I also pray that our partners and people of good will who have always journeyed with us in both good and bad times may rise up to the call.”
Pope Francis calls for prayer and action
Pope Francis speaking at the General Audience in St. Peter’s (Wednesday 20 March) said:
"In recent days, great floods have sowed mourning and devastation in various areas of Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi. I express my pain and closeness to those dear people.”
“I entrust the many victims and their families to the mercy of God, and I implore comfort and support for those affected by this calamity.”
Was Cyclone Idai caused by climate change?
It isn’t yet possible to say that climate change is directly to blame for individual disasters such as Cyclone Idai or other major storms and floods. But scientists are warning us that the changing climate is making disasters more frequent and more severe.
What is clear is that climate change is hitting the poorest people the hardest. The communities which have contributed least to temperature rises are those who are least able to cope when disasters strike. This is fundamentally unjust.
To address this, we need to take more action more quickly. CAFOD supporters are calling on the UK government to stop our contribution to climate change within a generation by setting a new and more ambitious target for eliminating the emissions which are driving climate change.
We can also help to reduce the impact of climate change by providing people living without access to electricity with renewable energy such as solar panels. This is the safest, most reliable and cheapest way of bringing power to people in poor communities.
As well as this, we need to help people in poor areas to reduce the impact of climate change. This includes helping families to rebuild their lives after disasters strike, as we are doing in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi.
What can I do to help?
You can donate to the CAFOD appeal. Your donation will help us reach those in the greatest need:
£30 can provide blankets to keep two families warm
£50 could provide a family with food for a month
£100 could help build a toilet and washing facilities for families who lost their homes
How you can donate:
You can also donate by post
55 Westminster Bridge Road
Please make cheques payable to CAFOD.
Donate to CAFOD by phone
08085 85 88 85